UNESCO OPEN SPACE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR LAC
In today's world, staying on top of the news about the advancement of artificial intelligence is more important than ever. UNESCO creates this space for exchange between experts from different areas within the subject, so that they share knowledge, news, events and other information on Artificial Intelligence. Here you can find all the information about this space. Welcome!
Articles and news
Mensaje sobre ética e IA de Gabriela Ramos, Directora General Adjunta de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas de UNESCO
About the space
Artificial intelligence has become one of the most relevant technological interventions of the 21th century. Its impact involves all aspects of people's lives, their social, economic, political and cultural relationships, as well as their interactions with other forms of life and their effects on the environment. All of this announces a horizon of transformation that is presented as a civilizational change. Together with biotechnologies, such as genomics and synthetic biology and physics, they have opened the so-called fourth revolution.
Aspects as diverse as production, employment, knowledge, research, education, health, economy and development, among many others, will be traversed in different ways, providing opportunities, but also generating risks and uncertainties, for which is necessary to have technically robust and ethically consistent regulatory frameworks that guide the actions and decisions to be followed.
The right to receive education or access information on new technologies and their ethical implications is part of the right to science. As such, it enables everyone to understand risks and opportunities, while empowering individuals and society to participate in the decision-making processes that will determine the future to come.
The systematic integration of Artificial Intelligence in education has the potential to address some of the biggest challenges in education today as well as to develop innovative teaching and learning practices.
Policies in science and technology will be key in this regard, giving strength and transparency to the entire process of creation, development and application of AI systems in the different fields.
It is UNESCO's task to call for a human-centered approach to AI, aiming to reorient the debate to include the role of AI in tackling current inequalities in access to knowledge, to research, education and health as well as the diversity of cultural expressions, so that AI systems do not accentuate the technological gap between and within countries. The promise of "AI for all" should allow each person to take advantage of the ongoing technological revolution and access its benefits, mainly in terms of innovation and knowledge, but also well-being and human development for countries.
In this way, pluralism of values and diversity are of vital importance for democratic political systems. An orientation of research, development and implementation of artificial intelligence technologies based on universal ethical values is part of the task that UNESCO has undertaken in order to establish public policies that crystallize the goals established in the 2030 agenda.
UNESCO has clearly visualized the relevance of these transformations and in particular the ethical implications that the research, design, development, deployment, use and impact of AI will have. All sectors of the organization have undertaken to develop activities to promote debate, reflection and guide the policies that will regulate this development. And, fundamentally, how these developments can be guided to promote peace, social justice and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms of men and women with special attention to environmental justice and sustainable development. With this in mind, the General Conference of UNESCO approved in 2019 an initiative to develop an international Recommendation on ethical principles for Artificial Intelligence, for which an international commission made up of experts from different disciplines and parts of the world has already been created. who prepared the first draft of it in April 2020.
Based on this, a series of regional, subregional and national consultations on the first draft of the Recommendation have been carried out in different parts of the planet in order to debate with actors from different spheres, (academia, civil society, organizations of young people, private sector, companies, users, etc.) visions, proposals and suggestions about the document and its contents.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, under the organization of the UNESCO Regional Office for Sciences and the Government of Argentina, on August 3 and 4, the first Regional Consultation on the Recommendation on Ethical Principles of AI was held. . It featured four discussion modules in which the participants, experts from across the region, had the opportunity to share their comments about the draft as well as written contributions.
In this instance, 60 experts from 14 countries of the region participated with a wide range of interests and fields of work, including the scientific community, people from different cultural backgrounds and ethical perspectives, NGOs, civil society, companies and the private sector. This allowed for an inclusive and multidisciplinary process to be carried out that contributed to the enrichment of the document.
Based on this experience and taking into account the interest it aroused and the need that was revealed regarding the promotion of exchanges and debates on the subject, the UNESCO Regional Office for Sciences has decided to convene an open space on Artificial Intelligence in order to to promote some objectives that are urgent today.
This will make it possible to offer a forum for plural debate on challenging topics, stimulate exchanges between experts from the region, promote common initiatives and develop projects that are a seedbed for innovation and promotion of research, training and capacity building.
This space may also be a nucleus that brings together experts from different areas who have the know-how to advise on strategies and public policies capable of guiding research, design, development, deployment and management in a technically sound and ethically correct manner. the use of AI.
In shaping this space, the rich experience of the consultation has been taken into account and the people who participated in it, who will be invited first.
AI technologies are growing by leaps and bounds in the region and this requires the sum of expert capacities in an inter and transdisciplinary field.
Articles and news
Why this space?
This space takes as a frame of reference the promotion and respect for human dignity, human rights and fundamental freedoms, with particular attention to social and environmental contexts. The principles and values that should guide research, design, and application of AI technologies such as equality, justice, peace, solidarity, freedom and respect for the environment, among others, are taken into account. .
● Stimulate plural and democratic dialogue on Artificial Intelligence issues between different areas of knowledge and sectors of society.
● Encourage the exchange of experiences, knowledge and skills to strengthen national and regional activities on Artificial Intelligence
● Develop research, exchange of information and publications on Artificial Intelligence in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean
● Stimulate education and training in Artificial Intelligence at all levels
● Develop strategies to impact political actors and decision-makers, promoting regulations and public policies on the matter.
● Generate public debate and promote social participation in issues related to different areas of conflict that concern society.
● Promote professional enrichment through multi, inter and transdisciplinary cooperation
Organize seminars and regional training and knowledge building meetings.
Creation of a website where you can find all the news related to the Recommendation, events and general information on Artificial Intelligence in LAC and give visibility to the actors and centers that develop studies on the matter.
Create a quarterly newsletter with news about Artificial Intelligence in the Region to spread the main events in the area.
Organize webinars open to the public to promote open information on Artificial Intelligence in the region.
Create an advisory group on Artificial Intelligence ethics in order to identify and discuss problems in the region.
Carry out podcasts together with experts in different areas of Artificial Intelligence who share their knowledge through the analysis of global problems.
Create social networks in which to share all the activities of the space and be able to create a community of people interested in Artificial Intelligence
Create a repository of materials, regulations, opinions as well as any other documentation essential for their availability
Create permanent training cycles with a transposable format to be applied in different contexts
Coordinate and promote research in the region and at the national level
Carry out data and statistics survey at national and regional level
Direct actions and carry out active and coordinated efforts to avoid biases and adverse effects on disadvantaged groups and those with greater vulnerability.
Promote the responsible adoption of AI to improve the delivery of social services and create development opportunities to reduce gaps and reduce growing inequality in the region.
Contribute to the discussion and generation of knowledge about the adoption of said technology in an ethical and responsible way, so that it can be used as a tool that contributes to the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).